2004 Ap World History Free Response Essays

DBQ 2004 AP World History Exam Sample Essay GPrompt: Based on the following documents, analyze the responses to the spread of Buddhism in China. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to evaluate the extent of Buddhism’s appeal in China?Historical Background: Buddhism, founded in India in the sixth century B. C. E. was brought to China by the Frst century C. E., gradually winning converts following the collapse of the Han dynasty in 220 C.E. Buddhist in±uence continued to expand for several centuries. Between 220 C.E. and 520 C. E. China experienced a period of political instability and disunity. After 570 C. E. the imperial structure was restored.Essay GAs Buddhism spread from India to China beginning in the Frst century C. E., it was met with mixed results. Many Chinese accepted Buddhism and defended its policies while others scrutinized Buddhism’s absence from past texts and used it as a scapegoat for political and social problems. Still others remained indi²erent,

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Although Buddhism began in India, it gradually transferred to China in the 200's. There, it was met by mixed reviews in all classes. Some dynasties preferred its philosophy and promise of afterlife to the rigid Confucian ideals that were previously imposed although the Chinese turned to Buddhism for it promises of eternal enlightenment during times of hardship and invasion, the period that followed led to many attempts to reconcile the religion with the traditional Confucianism, increasing many views that Buddhism was a barbaric foreign invasion. The period that followed the Han dynasty was known as the Warring States period, during which China suffered frequent invasions from Central Asia. The documents of "Four Noble Truths" (Doc 1)…show more content…

These documents were written at different time periods - Document 3 toward the end of a period of political disunity and Document 5 in the early Tang. Both show the desire of the Chinese to incorporate Buddhist beliefs without threatening the teaching of Confucius. However, Document 3 was written by an upper class - means that the qualms expressed about the compatibility of Confucianism and Buddhism might not have applied to lower classes. Document 5 was written during the Tang - who partly drew legitimacy from these Buddhist beliefs. The persuasive purpose, then, may not actually represent what the whole of China believes, but rather what the government wants them to. Later documents address the spread of Buddhism as an indict of foreign invasion into the superior China. Han Yu's memorial (Doc 4) and the Emperor's edict (Doc 6) both blame Buddhism for tainting the people of China. Tue Memorial (Doc 4) addresses nationalist feelings growing in China - part of wished for a return of Confucianism which originated in china. The emperor's edict (Doc 6), on he other, reflects not a strengthening of the state, but a weakening. The beginning of the decline of Tang was all blamed on the spread of Buddhism by the imperial court. It expresses nationalistic views that Buddhism should be eradicated to preserve the purity of Chinese society. Document 4, however, also blames troubles of Buddhism. The emperor cannot personally

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