Art Appreciation -
Exhibitions can take months to plan and develop. The artists want to focus on two things: the message they want to communicate and the audience it is aimed at. There are certain things you should think about when visiting an exhibition:
Use of space: This is not just about the elements of design, but also about the spatial experience. What is the nature, quality and design of the space used? Is it calm and peaceful or noisy and aimed towards children? How is the spatial experience enhanced by other design elements such as light, use of colour and the shape and size of the room? How is the space used to enhance how you experience the messages or themes in the art work?
Lighting: This can be really important, as not only does it create or enhance a mood but it can also affect it in negative ways. Also, textiles and paper are extremely sensitive to light damage, so conservation is a major issue when it comes to illuminating objects and displays and they can often be dimly lit for this reason.
Key messages: What is the exhibition about? When visiting an exhibition it’s a good idea to list the main topics/themes of the artwork.
Interpretive media & technology: These can be touchpad, interactive, audio, video device. How are these designed and planned to support the messages or themes?
Who is the audience: Is it for experts or for people with little knowledge of the subject? Is it for students, adults, children or a range of visitors? Have the items in the exhibition been explained properly or the visitors left wondering what the artwork was about?
What type of experience is provided?
Are you being allowed to form your own opinions and thoughts or are you being given a particular viewpoint? What objects and themes get priority? Has anything or anyone’s viewpoint been left out?
Supporting materials: These can be leaflets, advertisements or catalogues. These materials are important tools for helping the organizers of the exhibition to get the message across for the audience. Examine the graphics/text and images used in support materials.
Directions: Note the directions and signposts used in the exhibition. Are they effective?
Placement: Take some time to look at how paintings are placed/ hung, such as an open display or in display cases.
A visit to an art Gallery Question –Sample Answer and Information
Here are points but you should write it out in essay form & you should never re-write it directly as it is here, change it around to suit your answer......
This question is from the art history & appreciation section of the art history paper (section three)
1. My teacher took us to Dublin this year to visit the National Gallery of Ireland. The national gallery is just off Nassau street in the grounds of Leinster Lawn in Dublin
2. The paintings in the National gallery of Ireland belong to all the Irish public – everyones welcome to visit the gallery and entry is free.
3. The national gallery is open from mon – fro all day and on a half day on Sunday & visitors receive a booklet on arrival with the floor plan so that they know the layout of the gallery, this is helpful as the gallery is huge. All the rooms were named on this plan and the centuries that the paintings came from. Each wing is colour coded – the gallery has 4 wings.
4. Before I visited the national gallery I thought it was only for wealthy artistic people but after my visit my opinion has changed. I now know that an art gallery is a place where works of art are cared for and displayed for everyone to visit & enjoy.
5. We had a guide who showed us around the gallery and explained the different rooms & paintings to us.
6. We were not allowed to touch the paintings as they are very fragile & very old.
7. The galleries paintings are all arranged by themes eg: still life / landscapes etc.
8. When you walk around the gallery you ask yourself: What is the story of the painting? Why did the artist create it? Where was it meant to hang, in a palace/ monastery or a house? Does it fall into any of the themes in the history of art such as portraits, narratives, landscape, mythology etc. We are also told to consider when looking at the paintings , did it make us feel happy, sad, angry, frightened etc? And did we like the painting or not?
We visited the ‘Yeats room’ the famous Irish painter Jack B Yeats. This room is different from the rest of the gallery. The lighting is low and it is like that to protect & preserve the paintings done in watercolour and oil. There is also a glass barrier to protect the paintings, The low lighting makes the room very peaceful & creates a special atmosphere. And strong light may damage the paintings. Because the oil paint is applied very thickly your natural reaction is to want to touch it (the texture) and the paint was applied with brushes & palette knives.
9. Yeats love to paint scenes from the west of Ireland. His paintings in the gallery are arranged from his early simple life drawings to his heavily applied knife paintings. The paintings are hung at eye level with info underneath it about each painting.
10.My two favourite paintings by Yeats are ‘The liffey swim’ & ‘Grief’.
11.The liffey swim – the subject matter of this painting is a sporting event in Dublin. We see a crowd cheering on swimmers as they swim up the liffey. We feel that we are actually looking at the race from where the crowd was standing. We can see a boy in a green hat trying to work his way into the crowd to sell papers. Yeats paints himself into the painting (something the does quite often) along with his wife Cotty. They are in the foreground, she wears a fancy hat and he wears a grey hat with a black band.
12.Grief – this painting is very emotional. The subject matter (what the painting is about) is about war. It is a painting about the civil war in Ireland. In the centre there is a man on a horse with his arms raised. He seems to be angry. To the left of him I can see soldiers carrying rifles. A person in green leaves the scene. In the foreground Yeats shows the victims of war, a mother trying to comfort her dying baby, there is an old man on his knees with his hands in his face. He is either praying or just in despair. The gable of a house can be seen in the background with an explosion going off to the left. In the distance I can see a background of the sun rising which maybe is a symbol of hope.
13.From his traditional period, ‘The Liffey Swim’ captures the excitement of this annual event in Dublin, but sporting events were always of interest to him.He painted with loose brush strokes in his later works and emotion became a stronger feature in his work. He felt that the paintings could speak for themselves, he said ‘It doesn’t matter who I am or what I am, people may think what they will of my pictures’.
14.Another of Yeats most common images involved horses, and though he was never a horseman himself, he had a great affection for them. ‘For the Road’ expresses the understanding between horse and rider and the light of hope and optimism at the end of the tunnel. He died in March 1957 and has gained widespread international recognition as Irelands most renowned painter.
15.I really enjoyed my visit to the national gallery and I hope to return very soon to view all of the fantastic paintings from history.
Here are the guidelines I would give in relation to answering this question on the art appreciation section on the paper.
Find out the following information
Description of gallery space (shape,floors/wall)
Information about the exhibition- (work, labelling)
Framing- are the artworks framed/canvas'
Describe 3 pieces-
Use of Materials
Does the painting show the art elements? (texture/line/shape)
If you gather all this information while at the exhibition you should be able to answer the question successfully.
Example of Art gallery Essay - This got an A. It's about the in Dublin and two works of Art.
I recently visited the Hugh Lane Dublin City Gallery on a class trip. I had visited the gallery once before but on this occasion I gad a better knowledge of art and the techniques used in its appreciation. So I had a better awareness and understanding of the gallery structure.
The gallery is located in Charlemont house in north . This is a fitting setting as the building is of neo-classical design and many of the works on display date from this period. The gallery display modern and contemporary art, with substantial collection of impressionism.
Charlemont house was designed for Lord Charlemont by the architect Sir. William Chambers. The building did not become the until 1933, when the collection was relocated to the house. was a philanthropist who spent much of his life collecting fine examples of art. Having no previous knowledge of art he chose pieces based on the opinions of his friends, eventually forming his own eye for art. Lane would raise the money for the art by asking the wealthy for donation and getting deals from artists who would offer him a lower price or even donate the work for free. demanded that these works be made freely available to the public and this was upheld in his will as they were transfered into state ownership.
I noticed that the layout of the building is well designed to display works of art as the house is designed with as series of networking rooms. This means that each room leads on to the other as was originally intended for socialising. Although this wasn't part of the original house, it still would of been important to to be able to entertain in the house.
Today is means that the progression from room to room flows naturally and allows an orders and chronological hanging of the work while allowing the viewer to focus on the paintings in a single room.
Each painting is also given its own space to focus on, with no more than two to a wall. In addition smaller painting are often hung adjacent to larger painting to put emphasis on size and scale. Paintings are usually hung with the centre of the picture being around eye level as this allows the best view of the painting. Tags are never placed near the entrance of the room, rather than the doorway so as not to detract from the paintings themselves.
The information given is usually; the title, the artist, medium, the date painted, birth and death of artist along with a brief history of the artist life and work. To surmise, all of the above techniques mean that the work is presented in a very clear and informative manner which effectively engages the viewer.
Modern technology has allowed for an even more comprehensive background of the artist, such as the interactive video screens in the Francis Bacon studio. There is also a movie room where there is an interview with Francis Bacon shown on screen which is viewed before entering the studio. The gallery also has a book ship with an extensive range of subjects allowing patrons to learn more about the artwork after their visit.
In old galleries the walls are painted in rich victorian colours, in keeping with the period of the displayed. A number of skylights are in place to provide natural lights along with spotlights angles at the wall (to prevent glare).
The newer galleries, such as the Francis Bacon studio, are generally all white with no frames on the paintings, allowing the viewer to focus on the work itself. Large skylight provide a great amount of natural light, along with artificial adjustable spots on sliding mounts.
The gallery also has certain artifacts which are highlighted so as to draw out their characteristics. For example, the Harry Clarke room is devoted entirely to displays of stained glass. The room is almost completely dark with black walls and very soft, low lighting. Each piece of stained glass is placed in front of its own light source, slotted into the wall. This draws out all of the unique colours of the glass and completely focuses the viewer's attention on the work.
The Francis Bacon Studio is one of the only three preserved studios in the world. To do this every detail of Bacon's studio in was recorded, the disassembled and reassembled in the . The studio gives a fantastic insight into Bacon's work and the creative processes behind it. It is located in a newer parts of the gallery, designed with the sole purpose of highlighting Bacon's work. The studio is seen before Bacon's paintings, allowing the viewer to better appreciate the work.
While visiting the gallery there were two paintings on display that I found particularly appealing. Both were impressionist works, painted by Claude Monet. The first "Lavacourt under snow" is a landscape painting depicting a few small picturesque houses in the countryside covered by snow. The painting is very tranquil with small quick brushstrokes, capturing the fading light and pale pinks of the sky.The painting was hung in its original frame in the style of the late 19th Century.
The second painting is called "Waterloo Brigde", by Monet. Monet spent a considerable amount of time in . While there, he made many paintings of the , enjoying the way the fog influenced the light and its effect on the water. The painting shows waterloo bridge from an obscured angle with part of the bridge cut off and out of frame. The painting shows the bridge in the early hours of the morning with a heavy mist present. The pale pinks and reds of the rising sun can be seen distorted in the water. city can be seen in the background, obscured and slightly out of focus.
Monet is renowned for his brilliant renditions of light at the different times of day. In addition his penchant for capturing a scene of natural beauty in a man made and industrial environment is clearly evident and particularly effective when viewed in person.
I thoroughly enjoyed my art gallery visit as I was able to fully see the skill and artistry that is used in a gallery to highlight and focus the works of art on display. In addition seeing many of the paintings I have studied in person mean that I now have a better understanding and appreciation of them.
17. A visit to an exhibition is best judged by the quality of art work on display and by the
gallery space itself..
- Discuss this statement with reference to any named exhibition you have
- Discuss two specific works from this exhibition in detail.
Use sketches to illustrate your answer.
2009 Q17 Marking scheme
A Name of Gallery/Exhibition. 10
B Discussion of statement with reference to visited exhibition . 10
C Detailed discussion of work 1. 10
D Detailed discussion of work 2. 10
E Sketches 10
Total : 50
The gallery I have visited and will discuss in my answer is the National Gallery of Ireland. The national gallery is just off Nassau street in the grounds of Leinster Lawn in Co.Dublin I had visited this gallery once before but on my most recent visit I had a better knowledge of art and the techniques used in its appreciation so I had a better awareness and understanding of the gallery structure and art work on display there, in particular the work of Irish artist Jack B.Yeats work displayed in the Yeats room which I will discuss in detail later.
The paintings in the National gallery of Ireland belong to all the Irish public, everyone’s welcome to visit the gallery and entry is free.
I noticed that the structure and layout of the building is well designed to display all of the different works of art, as the gallery flows from room to room so that each room leads on to next. This gallery is very well laid out and on arrival visitors receive a booklet with the floor plan so that they know the layout of the gallery and can find their way around easily, this is helpful as the gallery is very large and spacious and you could easily get lost. All of the exhibition rooms in this gallery were named on the plan and the centuries that the paintings came from. Each wing is colour coded & the gallery has 4 wings. We had a guide who showed us around the gallery and explained the different rooms & paintings to us. The galleries paintings are all arranged by themes eg: still life / landscapes etc. The overall atmosphere in this gallery is very calm and peaceful and the rooms are very large and spacious with lots of room for visitors to walk around and enjoy the Art work on display. .
I agree with the statement above that ‘a visit to an art exhibition is best judged by the quality of art work on display’ and one exhibition on display in particular caught my attention and I feel this is the reason I really enjoyed my visit to this gallery. Before I visited the national gallery I thought it was only for wealthy artistic people but after my visit my opinion has changed. I now know that an art gallery is a place where works of art are cared for and displayed for everyone to visit & enjoy.
We visited the ‘Yeats room’ featuring the art work of the famous Irish painter Jack B Yeats. This room is different from the rest of the gallery. The lighting is low and it is like that to protect & preserve the paintings done in watercolor and oil. There is also a glass barrier to protect the paintings. The low lighting makes the room very peaceful & creates a special atmosphere. And strong light may damage the paintings. Because the oil paint is applied very thickly your natural reaction is to want to touch it (the texture) and the paint was applied with large brushes & palette knives. Yeats loved to paint scenes from the west of Ireland. His paintings in the gallery are arranged from his early simple life drawings to his heavily applied knife paintings. The paintings are hung at eye level with info underneath it about each painting.
My two favourite paintings on exhibit in the national gallery of Ireland in te ‘Yeats room’ by Yeats are ‘The liffey swim’ & ‘Grief’.
The liffey swim – the subject matter of this painting is a sporting event in Dublin. We see a crowd cheering on swimmers as they swim up the liffey. We feel that we are actually looking at the race from where the crowd was standing. We can see a boy in a green hat trying to work his way into the crowd to sell papers. Yeats paints himself into the painting (something the does quite often) along with his wife Cotty. They are in the foreground, she wears a fancy hat and he wears a grey hat with a black band.
Grief – this painting is very emotional. The subject matter (what the painting is about) is about war. It is a painting about the civil war in Ireland. In the centre there is a man on a horse with his arms raised. He seems to be angry. To the left of him I can see soldiers carrying rifles. A person in green leaves the scene. In the foreground Yeats shows the victims of war, a mother trying to comfort her dying baby, there is an old man on his knees with his hands in his face. He is either praying or just in despair. The gable of a house can be seen in the background with an explosion going off to the left. In the distance I can see a background of the sun rising which maybe is a symbol of hope.
From his traditional period, ‘The Liffey Swim’ captures the excitement of this annual event in Dublin, but sporting events were always of interest to him.He painted with loose brush strokes in his later works and emotion became a stronger feature in his work. He felt that the paintings could speak for themselves, he said ‘It doesn’t matter who I am or what I am, people may think what they will of my pictures’.
Another of Yeats most common images involved horses, and though he was never a horseman himself, he had a great affection for them. ‘For the Road’ expresses the understanding between horse and rider and the light of hope and optimism at the end of the tunnel. He died in March 1957 and has gained widespread international recognition as Irelands most renowned painter.
In conclusion I really enjoyed my visit to the national gallery of Ireland & the Yeats room and I hope to return very soon to view all of the fantastic paintings from history.
Illustrate your answer - so you would sketch a plan of the layout & strucutre of this gallery & also sketch your two names pieces of work by artist Jack B Yeats
The gallery question is one of the more popular questions that students answer because it is one that you can plan and prepare for. It comes up every year in different forms so it is vitally important that you reads the question carefully and adapt your answer to what is being asked. We visited the Wandesford Quay Gallery on the 23rd of January 2014 and the experience was unique as student were able to see artwork created by Art teachers. Below is information about the exhibition which should help you to write about the exhibition. You own personal opinions about the exhibition experience and your response to the artwork is very important.
Here is link to the Gallery website;http://ccad-research.org/gallery/?page_id=1232
Checklist for Gallery Visit. Information that you need to collect while at an exhibition.
Gallery floor plan layout (this is important for you know and be able to sketch from memory)
The Matter of When, 2013. Mixed media and oil on board. 76x61cm
"Dear Kate" 2013, mixed media and oil on board.
Reupholstered, 2013. Mixed media and oil on Board. 40x40cm
Untitled, 2013. Mixed media and oil on Board, 40x40cm
Zara mc Daid
Sample Gallery Question Answer.
"Barriers" Exhibition by Art Group 7
Barriers is the third exhibition by Art Group 7. Using painting, drawing, digital, and mixed media, each artist has interpreted the theme of Barriers in different ways – but all investigate how personal and social barriers can alter an individual’s outlook on life, and the ability to communicate with the self and others.
The central topics which run throughout the work for this exhibition range from the imposition of technology, stresses of a busy lifestyle and mental health issues; social exclusion, nostalgia of the present and questioning structures and conventions in everyday life. Each artist aims to open up a conversation with the viewer - that on an intrinsic level - may have bearing on how we all strive to overcome barriers, no matter what they may be.
ART GROUP 7
Art Group 7 is a collective of artists from diverse backgrounds working as art educators. The artists include Mark Ewart, Gearóid Hally, Zara McDaid, Sandra Norris, Declan O’Meara, Daniel Sexton, and Tracy Sexton.
Tracy Cronin Sexton
Declan O Meara
Preparing for the exhibition
Zara Mc Daid
Setting up the Exhibition
Art Group 7 Members
Opening Night. 9th January
to help us see the world in the same way they see it
Which is NOT a task for artist according to the text
what is means to the viewer
According to the author the most important meaning of an artwork is
movement, expressiveness, technology, humor
tim harkinson’s work of art, incorperates
Vietman Veterans Memorial
The most famous of Maya Lin’s works is
Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
the most famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
no society that we know for has lived without some form of art. the impulse to make and respoend to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the abilty to
simple, timeless and pure
the sculptor Constantin Brancusi spint his life searching for forms that were
animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and the pwder pigment blown through hollow reeds
Which are methods used by prehistoric painters
to become aware of the process of looking itself
the nature of perception suggest that the most important key to looking at art is
Wheel of Fortune was created by
the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness
Vanitas paintings meditate on
involves identifying, describing, and interpreting subjsect matter in art
during the _______________the term “art” ws used roughly in the same sense as “craft”
if a work of art is faithful to our visual experience. its style is
Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
the portrait was almost miraculously lifelike
according to the author, Leonardo da Vinci MOna Lisa dazzled his contemporarient because
his work had a major infulence on the subsequent artist
there are a limited numberl of his paintings
he plays a roll in western art history
his paintings allow the viewer to feel a connection with teh artist himself
Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because
when discussing the size, shape, material, color, and compostiion of a work of art we are discussing its
both are norepresentational is style
Rebecca Purdum’s chin up and KAndinsky’s swinging have what in common
the artist and the audience
our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
to discover why the sculptor of the AMida Nyorai depicts the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures and a bun atop his head requires the use of
Fisherman’s Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
the term for extreme optical fidelity
experts still debatet he work’s iconograpy
after much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
Robert Smithson’s THe Spiral Jetty is an example of
Jeff Wall’s A sudden Gust of Wind is a _____that refers to a _________.
they share the same iconography
Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these except
often created equestrian statues of the emperors
a work of art may fall into more thn one theme
according to the author, can a work a art have more thatn one theme
artist Frida Kahlo is well known for her
whereas the christian image by Cimabue depicits the central figure surraounded by angels,t he buddhist image in this cha[ter shows central figure surrounded by
the Egyptians imagined teh _____ as resembling earthly life in every detail.
Iconoclasm means the ____ of images based on the religious beliefs
the pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
Sacred realm, politics and social order, stories and histories, the here and now, the human experience, invention and fantasy, art and nature, art and art
themes of art
a blacka-nd -white photograph of a scene eleiminates the hues and intensities oft he scenes colors but captures the____of the colors
whicho f the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”
the effects of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution
common issues facing those who work to conserve works of art
at the exact center of the picture, justbe hind the headoft he figure Jesus, andt on the horizon line
the vanishing point in Leonardo da vinci’s the Last Supper
in the additive process of mixing red light, greenl ight and blue light combine to produce ____light
Which artist uses light itself as teh main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world
a necessary feature in pattern
during the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
Charles White Untitled illustrates the technique of
mixing two primary colors produces a ____color
in albercht durer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nudethe, draftsmani s using a devicet o help him achieve the effects of
seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of color’s effects upon the mind and body
“Passive Pink” refers to the color that
position and overlap
the 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and other watching musicians and the acrobats utilzes teh two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
rather that depend solely upon visual unity,artist will sometimes create____ unity by unifying the ideas is a work of art
a square grid
the ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create inages of the “correct” or “perfect” hman, as have many cultures both ancient aand modern. this set of proportions was created using
a royal altar to the hand
which workof art uses hierarchical scale
the golden section
the architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor,a tool he used for calculating human proportions, based on
size and placement of the figures
directional linesof sightl eading to a focal point
cantrasting values of dark skin against a pale background
elimination of detail and bright colors in the background
Henry Ossawa Tanner’s THe Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through
Coosje van Bruggen
_____collaborated with Cleas Oldenburg to create the sculpture Plantoir
distributing visual weight accordingly
in a two-deminional work witha summetrical balance, the appearance is achieved by
formalist, Marxist, feminist, psychoanalytic
Edouard MAnet’s A bar at the Folies-Bergere invites us to consider points of view in it subject and compostion. Interpertations of this painting include _____approaches
the use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as____scale
encourage ou active participation in a work
help communicate a works mood
lead our eyes around a work
help communicate a works menaing
in art, the design principle of balance functions to
the Thirteen-Deity JNanadakini Mandala uses_____to suggest that there is a hidden orderin the universe
what part of the pen convey the ink to the drawing surface
the style used by Georges Seurat in Cafe’-concert is
make the drawing easier to copy
Edgar Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to
because this 20th century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of hisl ife, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work
silk, papyrus, fired clay, cave walls
_______is among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings
the coloring material in vertually al drawing media in known as
science, engineering, art, math
de VINci used drawings to explore in
creates large scale drawings with enormous physical presence
the _____are credited with the invention of paper around 5ce
the use of differnet binders
the difference inthe color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to
the predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the renaissance is
the metalpoint, lines are drawn witha silver____onto a suface coated with preliminary coating of paint
Which 20th century atist panted the fresco mixtec culture
in fresco paintings, a drawing called a _____is transfered to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment
what is pigmentin paint
Jan van Eyck
the first artist to understand and exploit oil painting was
watercolor’s primary characteristic is its
an almost infinite range of consistency
a subtle blending of colors
the papplication of layers of paint on top of one another
the painting to be reworked indefinitely
one of the advantages of oil paintings is that is drives slowly. this allows for
pisacco and braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create
_____is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it
michelangelo and raphael
pope jullius II employed with 2 itlaiian renaissance artist to paint fresco for him
considered oneof the leading figures in teh 20th century american art. the painter____studied as the harlem Art Workshop and wason e of many prominant artist to work for the WPA during the Great depression
dissolves in something other than water
a nonaqueous paint is one that
afterb uilding canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of
in oil painting, linseed oil acts as a
in buon fresco, or true fresco pigment ism ixed with water and applied to
which of the followingis a example ofa nonaqueous medium
by the 1950’s , this new paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium
encaustic and fresco
2 ancient painting media that are still used today
the 20th century master of the fresco technique who created the work MIxtec Culture is